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© Ken Hawkins Jimmy Carter_Ken Hawkins664.tif
President Jimmy Carter and H.E.W Secretary Joe Califano, Jr. at a press conference in 1977. Joseph Anthony Califano, Jr. (born May 15, 1931) was a former United States Secretary of Health, Education, and Welfare and the founder and former chairman of The National Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University (CASAColumbia), an evidence-based research organization. He is one of two living former Secretaries of Health, Education, and Welfare (the other is his predecessor, Forrest David Mathews).